J.E. Atwater

jatwater@engr.orst.edu


CURRENT PROJECTS


Microwave Plasma

Microwave Powered Argon Plasma


NASA CERTIFICATES OF RECOGNITION


Microwave Regnerable Air Purification Device
Microwave Regenerable Air Purification Device Prototype


US PATENTS AWARDED


PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR


CO-INVESTIGATOR




FAMILY



                Semper Fi !

James E. Atwater, PChem, CChE, FRSC, FRACI, FAIC


RESEARCH INTERESTS


PUBLICATIONS

[1] Atwater, J.E., Spectrometric Gamma Ray Logging of Core, Can. Well Log. Soc. J., 13 (1), 1-11, 1984.

[2] Matiisen, A., and Atwater, J.E., An Overview of Computer-Enhanced Analyses of Core Data, J. Can. Petrol. Technol., 24 (3), 57-62, 1984.

[3] Atwater, J.E., and Holtsnider, J.T., Airborne Trace Organic Contaminant Removal Using Thermally Regenerable Multi-Media Layered Sorbents, SAE Trans., 100, 1726-1733, 1991.

[4] Atwater, J.E., Wheeler, R.R.,Jr., Olivadoti, J.T., Flanagan, D.T. and Sauer, R.L., Regenerable Microbial Check Valve: Life Cycle Tests Results, SAE Trans., 101, 1098-1107, 1992.

[5] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., Schussel, L.J., and Verostko, C.E., Development and Fabrication of a Breadboard Electrochemical Water Recovery System, SAE Trans., 102 (1), 513-529, 1993.

[6] Jeffers, E.L., Dougherty, D.R., Paxton, T.A., and Atwater, J.E., New Technologies for On-Line Water Quality Monitoring, SAE Trans., 102 (1), 1141-1162, 1993.

[7] Atwater, J.E., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Sauer, R.L., and Schultz, J.R., A Multiplexed Four Channel On-Line Iodine Monitor, Instrum. Sci. Technol., 22 (3), 217-229, 1994.

[8] Schussel, L.J., and Atwater, J.E., A Urease Bioreactor for Water Reclamation Aboard Spacecraft, Chemosphere, 30 (5), 985-994, 1995.

[9] Atwater, J.E., Thermodynamics of the Oxidation of Dissolved Organic Contaminants in Shuttle Orbiter Humidity Condensates, J. Environ. Sci. Health, A30 (4), 817-830, 1995.

[10] Schussel, L.J., and Atwater, J.E., A Continuous Alcohol Oxidase Bioreactor for Regenerative Life Support, Enzyme Microb. Technol., 18 (3), 229-235, 1996.

[11] Atwater, J.E., and Holtsnider, J.T., Simple Models for the Breakthrough of Humidified Acetone and Ethyl Acetate on a Carbon Based Molecular Sieve, Carbon, 34 (6), 824-825, 1996.

[12] Atwater, J.E., Sauer, R.L., and Schultz, J.R., Numerical Simulation of Iodine Speciation in Relation to Water Disinfection Aboard Manned Spacecraft I. Equilibria, J. Environ. Sci. Health, A31, 1965-1979, 1996.

[13] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., McKinnis, J.A., and Thompson, J.O., Aqueous Phase Heterogeneous Catalytic Oxidation of Trichloroethylene, Appl. Catal. B., 11 (1), L11-L18, 1996.

[14] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., Schussel, L.J., Thompson, J.O., Garmon, F.C., Flynn, M., and Verostko, C.E., In-Situ Hydrogen Peroxide Generation for Use as a Disinfectant and as an Oxidant for Water Recovery by Aqueous Phase Catalytic Oxidation, SAE Trans., 105 (1), 770-780, 1996.

[15] Atwater, J.E., Dahl, R., Garmon, F.C., Lunsford, T., Michalek, W.F., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., and Sauer, R.L., Development and Testing of the Microwave Sterilizable Access Port Prototype, SAE Trans., 105 (1), 911-923, 1996.

[16] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., DeHart, J., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., 'Reagentless ' Flow Analysis Determination of Hydrogen Peroxide by Electrocatalyzed Luminol Chemiluminescence, Anal. Lett., 30 (1), 21-31, 1997.

[17] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., McKinnis, J.A., and Thompson, J.O., Low Temperature Aqueous Phase Catalytic Oxidation of Phenol, Chemosphere, 34, 203-212, 1997.

[18] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., DeHart, J., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Enzymatic Determination of Ethanol using 'Reagentless' Electrocatalyzed Luminol Chemiluminescence, Anal. Lett., 30 (8), 1445-1453, 1997.

[19] Atwater, J.E., Garmon, F., Lunsford, T., Michalek, W.F., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., and Sauer, R.L., Miniature Microwave Powered Sterilization Chamber, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 68 (10), 3924-3925, 1997.

[20] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Rodarte, J.M., Thompson, J.O., Wang, T.-C., and Hurley, J.A., Silicon Carbide Coated Granular Activated Carbon: A Robust Support for Low Temperature Aqueous Phase Oxidation Catalysts, Carbon, 35, (10-11), 1678-1679, 1997.

[21] Atwater, J.E., and Akse, J.R., Next Generation Physico-Chemical Systems for Water Reclamation Aboard Spacecraft, Lunar and Planetary Habitats, Life Support Biosphere Sci., 5 (1), 35-43, 1998.

[22] Atwater, J.E., DeHart, J., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Dissolved Oxygen Determination by Electrocatalyzed Chemiluminescence with In-Line Solid Phase Media, J. Biolumin. Chemilumin., 13, 125-130, 1998.

[23] Akse, J.R., Thompson, J.O., Sauer, R.L., and Atwater, J.E., 'Reagentless' Flow Injection Determination of Ammonia and Urea using Membrane Separation and Solid Phase Basification, Microchem. J., 59, 372-382, 1998.

[24] DeHart, J., Akse, J.R., and Atwater, J.E., CO2 Controller for Plant Growth Chambers, SAE Trans., 107 (1), 1005-1011, 1998.

[25] Atwater, J.E., Complex Permittivities of Cyclomaltooligosaccharides (Cyclodextrins) over Microwave Frequencies to 26 GHz, Carbohydr. Res., 327 (3), 219-221, 2000.

[26] Atwater, J.E., DeHart, J.L., and Akse, J.R., A Chemical Amplification System for Conductiometric Monitoring of Airborne CO2 Partial Pressures, Instrum. Sci. Technol., 28 (4), 269-280, 2000.

[27] Atwater, J.E., Oxidation of Benzene in the Aqueous Phase over a Bimetallic Carbon Supported Catalyst, React. Kinet. Catal. Lett., 71 (2), 319-323, 2000.

[28] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Wang, T.-C., Kimura, S., and Johnson, D.C., Preparation of Silicon Carbide Coated Activated Carbon Using a High Temperature Fluidized Bed Reactor, Chem. Eng. Sci., 56 (8), 2685-2693, 2001.

[29] Atwater, J.E., On-Line Electrocatalyzed Luminol Chemiluminescence Determination of D-Glucose and Dissolved Oxygen in Simulated Mammalian Cell Bioreactor Perfusion Fluid using Solid Phase Reagent Modules, Biotechnol. Lett., 23 (8), 621-625, 2001.

[30] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Jovanovic, G.N., and Sornchamni, T., Preparation of Metallic Cobalt and Cobalt-Barium Titanate Spheres as High Temperature Media for Magnetically Stabilized Fluidized Bed Reactors, J. Mater. Sci. Lett., 20 (6), 487-488, 2001.

[31] Atwater, J.E., Michalek, W.F., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Dahl, R., Lunsford, T.D., Garmon, F.C., and Sauer, R.L., A Microwave Powered Sterilizable Interface for Aseptic Access to Bioreactors which are Vulnerable to Microbial Contamination, Biotechnol. Prog., 17 (5), 847-851, 2001.

[32] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., and Holtsnider, J.T., Development of Microgravity Compatible Reagentless Instrumentation for Detection of Dissolved Organic Acids and Alcohols in Water, Life Support Biosphere Sci., 8 (1), 55 - 63, 2001.

[33] Atwater, J.E., Complex Dielectric Permittivities of the Ag2O - Ag2CO3 System at Microwave Frequencies and Temperatures between 22*C and 189*C, Appl. Phys. A, 75, 555-558, 2002.

[34] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Jovanovic, G.N., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., and Sornchamni, T., Porous Cobalt Spheres for High Temperature Gradient Magnetically Assisted Fluidized Beds, Mater. Res. Bull., 38, 395-407, 2003.

[35] Atwater, J.E., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Complex Permittivities and Dielectric Relaxation of Granular Activated Carbons at Microwave Frequencies between 0.2 and 26 GHz, Carbon, 41 (9), 1801-1807, 2003.

[36] Atwater, J.E., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Temperature Dependent Complex Permittivities of Graphitized Carbon Blacks at Microwave Frequencies Between 0.2 and 26 GHz, J. Mater. Sci., 39 (1), 151-157, 2004.

[37] Atwater, J.E., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Microwave Permittivity and Dielectric Relaxation of a High Surface Area Activated Carbon, Appl. Phys. A, 79, 125-129, 2004.

[38] Sornchamni, T., Jovanovic, G.N., Reed, B.P., Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Operation of Magnetically Assisted Fluidized Beds in Microgravity and Variable Gravity: Experiment and Theory, Adv. Space Res., 34, 1494-1498, 2004.

[39] Jovanovic, G.N., Sornchamni, T., Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Magnetically Assisted Liquid-Solid Fluidization in Normal and Microgravity Conditions: Experiment and Theory, Powder Technol., 148, 80-91, 2004.

[40] Akse, J.R., and Atwater, J.E., Deep Oxidation of Aqueous Organics over a Silicon Carbide - Activated Carbon Supported Platinum - Ruthenium Bimetallic Catalyst, Topics Catal., 33, 51-57, 2005.

[41] Sornchamni, T., Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., and Jovanovic, G.N., Magnetically Assisted Filtration for Solid Waste Separation and Concentration in Microgravity and Hypogravity, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 44 (24), 9199-9207, 2005.

[42] Graham, L.J., Atwater, J.E., and Jovanovic, G.N., Chlorophenol Dehalogenation in a Magnetically Stabilized Fluidized Bed Reactor, AIChE J., 52 (3), 1083-1093, 2006.

[43] Atwater, J.E., and Akse, J.R., Amplification of the Potentiometric Response to Inorganic Carbon by Membrane Mediated Absorption into Aqueous Alkanolamine Solutions: an Equilibrium Model, Sens. Actuators B, 115 (1), 330-337, 2006.


PUBLISHED TECHNICAL REPORTS

[1] Atwater, J.E., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Regenerable Biocide Delivery Unit, Volume 1, NASA CR-185701, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, 1992.

[2] Atwater, J.E., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Regenerable Biocide Delivery Unit, Volume 2, NASA CR-185701-V-2, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, 1992.

[3] Atwater, J.E., Holtsnider, J.T., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Microwave Regenerable Air Purification Device, NASA-CR-201945, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, 1996.

[4] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Jovanovic, G.N., Pinto-Espinoza, J., Reed, B., and Sornchamni, T., Microgravity and Hypogravity Compatible Methods for the Destruction of Solid Wastes by Magnetically Assisted Gasification, Final Report, NASA Grant NAG9-1181, NTIS N20030066375, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA, 2003.


CONFERENCE AND SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDINGS

[1] Atwater, J.E., Codding, E.G., Gordon, A.A., and Ruth, D.W., Things to Know Before you Waterflood, presented at 4th Quarterly Meeting of the Canadian Gas Processors Association, Calgary, Alberta, November 22, 1985. Published in: Energy Process. Can., 78 (5), 1986.

[2] Codding, E.G., and Atwater, J.E., Application of Core Hydrocarbon Logging, Paper No. 86 37-20, presented at 37th Annual Petroleum Society of CIM Technical Meeting, Calgary, Alberta, June 8-11, 1986.

[3] Atwater, J.E., Correlation of Cation Exchange Capacity with Core Spectral Gamma Ray Logs, presented at 27th Annual SPWLA Logging Symposium, Houston, June 9-13, 1986.

[4] Atwater, J.E., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Olivadoti, J.T., and Sauer, R.L., Chemistry and Kinetics of I2 Loss in Urine Distillate and Humidity Condensate, SAE Technical Paper Series No. 921314, presented at 22nd International Conference on Environmental Systems, Seattle, July, 1992.

[5] Jeffers, E.L., Dougherty, D.R., Paxton, T.A., and Atwater, J.E., An On-Line Water Quality Monitor for Space Station Freedom, Paper No. 79c, presented at AIChE Spring National Meeting, Houston, March, 1993.

[6] Atwater, J.E., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Sauer, R.L., and Schultz, J.R., Advanced Development of the Regenerative Microbial Check Valve, SAE Technical Paper Series No. 932175, presented 23rd International Conference on Environmental Systems, Colorado Springs, July, 1993.

[7] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., Thompson, J.O., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., A Breadboard Electrochemical Water Recovery System for Producing Potable Water from Composite Wastewater Generated in Enclosed Habitats, pp 216-235, in Water Purification by Photocatalytic, Photochemical, and Electrochemical Processes, Rose, T.L., Conway, B.E., Murphy, O.J., and Rudd, E.J, Eds.,Electrochemical Society, 1994.

[8] Atwater, J.E., Reagentless Chemiluminescent Biosensor for the Determination of Ethanol in Water, presented NASA Environmental Sensors Workshop, Houston, September 22-23, 1994. (Abstract.)

[9] Atwater, J.E., New Catalytic Technologies for Environmental Remediation, presented at Environmental Technology '95, Portland, Oregon, March 21, 1995. (Abstract.)

[10] Akse, J.R., and Atwater, J.E., Advanced Catalytic Methods for the Destruction of Environmental Contaminants, Paper No. 95-LS-70, presented at AIAA Life Sciences and Space Medicine Conference '95, Houston, April 3-5, 1995. (Abstract.)

[11] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., DeHart, J., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Reagentless Chemiluminescence Based Fiber Optic Sensors for Regenerative Life Support in Space, SPIE Proceedings Series, 2574, 78-84, 1995.

[12] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., DeHart, J., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., and Verostko, C.E., Chemiluminescent Ethanol Biosensor Development, SAE Technical Paper Series No. 951686, presented at 25th International Conference on Environmental Systems, San Diego, July 10-13, 1995.

[13] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., McKinnis, J.A., Thompson, J.O., and Hurley, J.A., Elimination of Organic Contaminants in Wastewater using Molecular Oxygen and the Aqueous Phase Catalytic Oxidation Process, Seventh International Chemical Oxidation Symposium, Nashville, TN, April 9-11, 1997.

[14] Atwater, J.E., Holtsnider, J.T., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., and Luna, B., Microwave-Powered Thermal Regeneration of Sorbents for CO2, Water Vapor and Trace Organic Contaminants, SAE Technical Paper Series No. 972430, presented at 27th International Conference on Environmental Systems, Lake Tahoe, NV, July 14-17, 1997.

[15] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., DeHart, J., Jovanovic, G.N., Sornchamni, T., Yoo, S., and Fisher, J.W., Magnetically Assisted Gasification of Solid Waste, SAE Technical Paper Series No. 1999-01-2183, presented 29th International Converence on Environmental Systems, Denver, July 12-15, 1999.

[16] Akse, J.R., Wisely, M.T., Atwater, J.E., Colombo, G.V., and Fisher, J.W., On Demand Electrochemical Production of Reagents to Minimize Resupply of Expendables, SAE Technical Paper Series No. 1999-01-2181, presented 29th International Converence on Environmental Systems, Denver, July 12-15, 1999.

[17] Jovanovic, G.N., Sornchamni, T., Espinosa, J.P., Atwater, J.E., and Akse, J.R., The Study of Magnetically Assisted Fluidization in Microgravity and Variable Gravity: Simulation and Experiment, presented 4th International Life Support and Biosphere Science Conference, Baltimore, August 6 - 9, 2000. (Abstract.)

[18] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., and Holtsnider, J.T., Microgravity Compatible Reagentless Instrumentation for Detection of Dissolved Organic Acids and Alcohols in Water, presented Bioastronautics Investigators' Workshop, Galveston, TX, January 17-19, 2001. (Abstract.)

[19] Atwater, J.E., Jovanovic, G.N., Akse, J.R., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Sornchamni, T., and Espinoza, J.P., Methods and Materials for the Control of Granular Media in Microgravity and Hypogravity for Magnetically Assisted Gasification (MAG) and Other Advanced Life Support Applications, presented Bioastronautics Investigators' Workshop, Galveston, TX, January 17-19, 2001. (Abstract.)

[20] Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Holtsnider, J.T., and Luna, B. Development and Testing of a Microwave Powered Regenerable Air Purification Technology Demonstrator, SAE Technical Paper 2002-01-2403, presented at 32nd International Conference on Environmental Systems, San Antonio, Texas, July 15-18, 2002.

[21] Holtsnider, J.T., Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., Shough, N.J., and Carter, D.L. Ambient Temperature Removal of Problematic Organic Compounds from ISS Wastewater, SAE Technical Paper 2002-01-2534, presented at 32nd International Conference on Environmental Systems, July 15-18, San Antonio, Texas 2002.

[22] Sornchamni, T., Jovanovic, G., Atwater, J., Akse, J., and Wheeler, R. The Operation of Magnetically Assisted Fluidized Bed in Microgravity and Variable Gravity: Experiment and Theory, presented at the World Space Congress, October 10-19, Houston, Texas 2002.

[23] Jovanovic, G.N., Sornchamni, T., Atwater, J.E., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Gradient Magnetically Assisted Liquid-Solid Fluidization in Normal and Microgravity Conditions, Paper No. 138g, presented AIChE Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, IN, November 3-8, 2002.

[24] Jovanovic, G.N., Sornchamni, T., Atwater, J.E., and Akse, J.R., Mathematical Modeling of Micron-Size Particle Collection in a Gradient Magnetically Assisted Fluidized Bed, Paper No. 147d, presented AIChE Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, IN, November 3-8, 2002.

[25] Jovanovic, G.N., Pinto-Espinoza, J., Sornchamni, T., Reed, B., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Atwater, J.E., and Akse, J.R., Development of Enabling Technologies for Magnetically Assisted Gasification of Solid Wastes, SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-2374, presented 33rd International Conference on Environmental Systems, Vancouver, BC, July 7-10, 2003.

[26] Sornchamni, T., Jovanovic, G.N., Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Advanced Magnetically Assisted Stabilized Bed for the Separation of Solid Waste in Microgravity and Hypogravity: Filtration Modeling, Paper No. 53a, presented AIChE Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, November 16-21, 2003.

[27] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Jovanovic, G.N., Sornchamni, T., and Reed, B., Magnetic Control of Granular Ferromagnetic Media in Microgravity for Advanced Life Support Applications, Habitation 2004, Orlando, FL, January 5-7, 2004. (Abstract).

[28] Jovanovic, G.N., Reed, B.P., Cruz-Fierro, C., and Atwater, J.E., Influence of Interparticle Forces on Liquid Solid Fluidized Beds: Experiments and Simulations (CFD-DPM), Paper 282b, presented AIChE Annual Meeting, Austin, Texas, November 7-12, 2004.

[29] Jovanovic, G.N., Sornchamni, T., Reed, B.P., Cruz-Fierro, C., Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Magnetically Assisted Filtration of Solid Wastes: Laboratory and Flight Experiments, SAE Paper No. 2005-01-3082, presented 35th International Conference on Environmental Systems, Rome, July 11-14, 2005.

[30] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Dahl, R.W., Hadley, N.M., Jovanovic, G.N., and Fisher, J.W., Magnetically Assisted Gasification of Solid Wastes: Comparison of Reaction Strategies, SAE Paper No. 2005-01-3081, presented 35th International Conference on Environmental Systems, Rome, July 11-14, 2005.

[31] Williams, T.W., Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., and Fisher, J.W., Catalytic Decomposition of Gaseous Byproducts from Primary Solid Waste Treatment Technologies, SAE Paper No. 2006-01-2128, presented 36th International Conference on Environmental Systems, Norfolk, VA, July 17-20, 2006.

[32] Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Hadley, N.M., Dahl, R.W., Williams, T.W., Garmon, F.C., Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., and Fisher, J.W., SAE Paper No. 2006-01-2182, presented 36th International Conference on Environmental Systems, Norfolk, VA, July 17-20, 2006.


TECHNICAL REPORTS

[1] Atwater, J.E., The Effects of Temperature and Pressure on Two Phase Flow in Porous Media: A Literature Review, Report prepared for GEOTECHnical Resources, Ltd., Calgary, Alberta, 1985.

[2] Atwater, J.E., Electrical Properties of Petroleum Reservoir Rock: A Literature Review, Report prepared for GEOTECHnical Resources, Ltd., Calgary, Alberta, 1986.

[3] Atwater, J.E., and Holtsnider, J.T., Thermally Regenerable Odor and Toxin Cartridge, Final Report NASA Contract NAS9-18337, July, 1990.

[4] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., and Thompson, J.O., Inflight Ammonia Monitor, Final Report NASA Contract NAS9-18683, 1992.

[5] DeHart, J., and Atwater, J.E., PCWQM Solid Phase Module Development Program: Phase II Life Test Results, Final Report Contract GY5573-SC1-01.028, prepared for Astro International Corporation, October, 1993.

[5] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., Schussel, L.J., Thompson, J.O., and Wheeler, R.R, Jr., Electrochemical Water Recovery Process for Treatment of Urine and Other Biological Waste Streams, Final Report NASA Contract NAS9-18528, June, 1993.

[7] Atwater, J.E., Garmon, F., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Microwave Sterilizable Access Port, Final Report NASA Contract NAS9-18863, August, 1993.

[8] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., and DeHart, J., Oceanographic CO2 Sensor, Final Report Grant No. DE-FG03-93ER81641/A000, U.S. Department of Energy, March 1994.

[9] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., DeHart, J., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Fiber-Optic Chemiluminescent Biosensors for Monitoring Aqueous Alcohols and Other Water Quality Parameters, Final Report NASA Contract NAS9-19021, June, 1994.

[10] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., Schussel, L.J., and Thompson, J.O., Electrochemically Generated, Hydrogen Peroxide Boosted Aqueous Phase Catalytic Oxidation, Final Report NASA Contract NAS9-19281, 1995.

[11] Atwater, J.E., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., and DeHart, J., Glucose and O2 Sensors for Mammalian Cell Bioreactor Control, Final Report NASA Contract NAS9-19305, 1995. [12] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., McKinnis, J.A., and Thompson, J.O., Aqueous Phase Catalytic Oxidation of Organic Contaminants, Final Report, NSF Grant DMI 9460162, July 1995.

[13] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., Schussel, L.J., Ingle, J.D., Jr., and Glaser, S., A Reagentless Fiber Optic Chemiluminescence Continuous Flow Chlorine Analyzer, Final Report, NSF Grant DMI 9413565, October 1995.

[14] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., and Thompson, J.O., Reactor Technology for Aqueous Phase Catalytic Oxidation of Organics, Final Report, U.S. Air Force Contract F08637-95 C6022, February 1996.

[15] Atwater, J.E., Dahl, R., Lunsford, T., Michalek, W.F., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Development and Testing of the Microwave Sterilizable Access Port, Final Report NASA Contract NAS9-19081, April, 1996.

[16] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., DeHart, J., Rodarte, J., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Oceanographic pCO2 Monitor: Prototype Development and Testing, Final Report, U.S. Department of Energy Grant No. DE-FG03-93ER81641/A000, July 1996.

[17] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., DeHart, J., and Rodarte, J.M., Oceanographic pCO2 Monitor: Prototype Development and Testing, Final Report, DOE Grant DE-FG03 93ER81641/A000, October 1996.

[18] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., Garmon, F., Lunsford, T., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., A Device for the Production of Sterile IV Fluids from Potable Water, Final Report, U.S. Navy Contract N00014-96-C-0269, November 1996.

[19] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Garmon, F.C., Holtsnider, J.T., and Wisely, M.T., Halogen Binding Polymers for Drinking Water Disinfection, Final Report, NIH Grant No. 1 R43 AI40417-01, June 1997.

[20] Thompson, J.O., Akse, J.R., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Wisely, M.T., and Atwater, J.E., Microgravity Compatible Reagentless Instrumentation for Detection of Dissolved Organic Acids in Potable Water, Final Report, NASA Contract NAS9-97095, September 1997.

[21] Figueroa, C., Garmon F., Wisely, M.T., and Atwater, J.E., On-Line Microbial Water Quality Monitor, Final Report, NASA Contract NAS9-97096, September 1997.

[22] DeHart, J.L., Akse, J.R., and Atwater, J.E., Atmospheric CO2 Controller for Plant Growth Chambers, Final Report, NASA Contract NAS9-97094, September 1997.

[23] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Thompson, J.O., and Wang, T.-S., High Temperature Fluidized Bed Reactor for Producing Silicon Carbide Coated Activated Carbon, Final Report, NSF Grant DMI-9760204, July 1998.

[24] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., DeHart, J.L., Jovanovic, G.N., Sornchamni, T., and Yoo, S., Microgravity and Hypogravity Compatible Methods for the Destruction of Solid Wastes using Magnetically Stabilized Fluidized Bed Reactor Technology, Final Report, NASA Contract NAS2-97077, September 1998.

[25] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., and Wisely, M.T., On Demand Electrochemical Production of Reagents to Minimize Resupply of Expendables, Final Report, NASA Contract NAS2 98044, October 1998.

[26] Atwater, J.E., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., A Complex Permittivity Study of Sorbent Materials and Volatile Contaminants, Volume 1, Final Report, NASA Contract NAS2-97017, June 1999.

[27] Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Thompson, J.O., Lunsford, T.D., Holtsnider, J.T., DeHart, J.L., Dahl, R., Akse, J.R., and Atwater, J.E., Development and Testing of the Microwave Regenerable Air Purification Technology Demonstrator, Volume 2, Final Report, NASA Contract NAS2-97017, June 1999.

[28] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., DeHart, J., and Holtsnider, J.T., Ultra Low Level Detection of TOC, Final Report, NSF Grant DMI-9860157, August 1999.

[29] Akse, J.R., Michalek, W.F., Figueroa, C., Wisely, M.T., Wheeler, R.R.,Jr., Garmon, F.C., Dahl, R.W., Kliestik, H., and Atwater, J.E., Microbial Water Quality Monitor (MWQM): Phase II Development and Testing, Final Report, NASA Contract NAS9-98033, April 2000.

[30] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Holtsnider, J.T., and Shough, N., Advanced Immobilized Enzyme Bioreactors for Space Station, Final Report, NASA Contract NAS8-00094, June 2000.

[31] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., and Holtsnider, J.T., Synthesis and Characterization of Magnetic Dendrimers for Biomedical Applications, Final Report, NIH Grant 1 R43RR15003-01A1, May 2001.

[32] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Otero, K.S., and Shough, N.J., Oxygen Saturation Sub-system for Single-Phase Flow through Biological and Physicochemical Water Processors, Final Report, NASA Contract NAS9-01020, August 2001.

[33] Atwater, J.E., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Jovanovic, G.N., and Reed, B., Magnetically Controlled Microwave Powered Fluidized Bed Reactor, Final Report, NSF Grant DMI-0128201, January 2003.

[34] Atwater, J.E., Wheeler R. R., Jr., and Garmon, F.C., Microwave Powered Solid Waste Stabilization and Water Recovery, Final Report, NASA Contract NAS2-03124, July 2003.

[35] Akse, J.R., Atwater, J.E., Williams, T.W., Holtsnider, J.T., and Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Heterogeneous Catalytic Peroxidation of Environmental Contaminants, Final Report, NSF Grant DMI-0318008, January, 2004.

[36] Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Atwater, J.E., and Hadley, N.M., Microwave Enhanced Freeze-Drying of Solid Waste, Final Report, NASA Contract NNA04CB24C, July 2004.

[37] Akse, J.R., Williams, T.W., Dahl, R., and Atwater, J.E., Methane Pyrolysis for Hydrogen and Carbon Nanotube Recovery from Sabatier Products, Final Report, NASA Contract NNM05AA28C, July 2005.

[38] Akse, J.R., Williams, T.W., and Atwater, J.E., Catalytic Decomposition of Gaseous Byproducts from Heat Melt Waste Compaction, Final Report, NASA Contract NNA05CQ90C, July 2005.

[39] Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Dahl, R.W., Hadley, N.M., Williams, T.W., Garmon, F.C., and Atwater, J.E., Microwave Powered Solid Waste Stabilization and Water Recovery, Final Report, NASA Contract NNA04CA12C, January 2006.

[40] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Dahl, R., Hadley, N., and Williams, T.W., Jovanovic, G.N., Reed, B.P., and Sornchamni, T., Advanced Magnetic Methods for the Separation and Gasification of Solid Wastes in Microgravity and Hypogravity, Final Report, NASA Grant NAG9-1472, May 2006.

[41] Atwater, J.E., Akse, J.R., Wheeler, R.R., Jr., Dahl, R.W., Zavala, D.B., Jr., Hanken, B.E., Holtsnider, J.T., Williams, T.W., and Nanci, J.C., Hydrogen Recovery by ECR Plasma Pyrolysis of Methane, Final Report, NASA Contract NNM06AA45C, July 2006.

[42] Holtsnider, J.T., and Atwater, J.E., Microgravity Compatible Gas-Liquid Separation Using Capillary Pressure Gradients, Final Report, NASA Contract NNM06AA47C, July 2006.