Nature Reserves (Zapovidnyky) in Ukraine
Nature reserves are listed by vegetation zones:
Also view the Map of Nature Reserves
Mixed Forests Zone
Polis'kyi Reserve (#5 on the map) is located in Zhytomyr region of Ukraine on the border with Byelorussia. It was organized in 1968 for the protection and research of forest-swamp ecosystems of Ukrainian Poles'e. The reserve is subordinated to the State Forestry Committee. Protected area of 20104 hectares lies in the upper Ubort' river territories. Pine stands dominate the landscape of the reserve. Pine stands of more 100 years old cover the area of 2000 hectares. Swamps are important element of this reserve. The total area of swamps is around 5 thousand hectares, that is 22% of the total area of the reserve. Polis'kyi Reserve plays an important role in forecasting changes caused by land amelioration program conducted in 60-70's. The reserve protects 20 plant and 14 animal species listed in the Red Book of Ukraine.
Contacts: Sergiy Mykolaiovych Zhyla
11100, s. Selezinka, Ovruts'kyi Rayon
Phone: 38 (04148) 3-12-83; 3-42-88
Shats'kyi National Park (#10) was organized in 1983 and designated as Biosphere Reserve in 2002. It is subordinated to the State Committee of Forestry. The park is located in the mixed forest zone on the border of Pryp'yat' and Western Boog watersheds. The unique feature of the park is the group of 23 lakes, with the biggest being lake Svityaz, which is considered the largest and the deepest natural lake in Ukraine. The total area of lakes is 6.3 thousand hectares. The lakes are surrounded by dominantly pine forests of Vaccinium - green moss type and euthrophic sedge (Carex) type bogs. There are 28 plant species and 33 animal species that are listed in the Red Book of Ukraine.
More information at Unesco-MAB website.
Contacts: Oleksandr Viktorovych Tkachuk
Shatskyi National Nature Park
44021, v.Svitiaz', Shatskyi Rayon
Phone: 38 (03355) 2-32-86; 2-31-30; 2-30-43
Fax: 38 (03355) 2-30-43
Desnyano-Starogutskyi National Park (#8) was established in 1999. The park is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine. The park is designed as the first stage of organizing international Ukrainian-Russian biosphere reserve «Old Rus' and Bryans'k Forests». There are 2 plant communities in the park: Prydesnyans'ka (Near-Desna) and Staroguts'ka. The first plant community is characterized by riparian floodplain vegetation of the Desna river and its tributaries intercepted with forest patches. The second plant community is mostly represented by middle-aged pine forests of green and sphagnum moss types and bogs. There are 700 vascular plants in the park, with 18 of them being listed in the Red Book of Ukraine. Park also contains 10 amphibious and 30 fish species. 24 animal species are protected under the Red Book.
Contacts: Oleksii Mykhailovych Kapirulya
Desnyano-Starogutskyi National Park
41000, m. Seredyna-Buda, Sums'ka Oblast'
vul. Novgorodsivers'ka, 62
Phone: 38 (05451) 9-21-70
Fax: 38 (05451) 9-14-49
Rivnensky Nature Reserve (#16) was established in 1999. It is subordinated to the State Forestry Committee. The reserve protects mesotrophic sedge-sphagnum bogs, wet birch and alder forests, riparian and water ecosystems and pine forests covering dry patches. The reserve is the southernmost location of the ridge-flark bogs in Europe. It also has rare plant communities of highly developed oligotrophic bogs and spruce forests. 13 plant and 25 animal species are listed under the Red Book of Ukraine.
Contacts: Oleksii Evgenovych Stepanov
Rivnensky Nature Zapovidnyk
34500, m. Sarny, Rivnens'ka Oblast'
vul. Gogolya, 34
Phone: 38 (03655) 3-47-63
Cherems'kyi Nature Reserve (#17) was established in 2001. It is subordinated to the State Forestry Committee. The reserve was created for protection and study of unique natural ecosystems of western Poles'e, and also for development of measures for environmental protection and sustainable use of natural resources. The reserve is located in the mixed forest zone, with 4 plant and 11 animal species found there being protected under the Red Book of Ukraine.
Contacts: Stepan Ivanovych Paschuk
Cherems'kyi Nature Zapovidnyk
44600, smt. Manevychi, Volyns'ka Oblast'
vul. K. Marksa, 33
Phone: 38 (03376) 2-12-06
Kanivs'kyi Reserve (#2) was established in 1968 on the right bank of the Dnieper river in Cherkasy region of Ukraine. The reserve is subordinated to the Kyiv National University. It protects unique geological formations of riparian hills of the Dnieper river and the island Kruglik. Most of the reserve's area is covered with mixed forests dominated by hornbeam (Carpinus spp.) with some maple, lime (Tilia spp.), and oak. Typical steppe meadows can be found on some hill slopes. This reserve is an important scientific object in geology and archeology.
Contacts: Vitaly Grischenko, Mikola Gavrylovych Cherniy
19000, m. Kaniv, Cherkas'ka Oblast'
Phone: 38 (04736) 4-30-47
Medobory Reserve (#10) covers 10,455 hectares of the area in Ternopil' region of Ukraine. The reserve is subordinated to the State Forestry Committee. It was established in 1990 to protect rare forest ecosystems of hardwoods. The landscape carries oak, hornbeam, and beech mixed forests intersected with grassland patches. Due to the large number of honey («med» in Ukrainian) plants, the reserve carries a word honey in its name. The charming beauty of the place was the reason for it to be called «Switzerland of Podillya». Mineral water springs, caves, and other creations of nature make this place so interesting. There are 29 plant and 29 animal species protected under the Red Book of Ukraine.
Contacts: Mykhailo Yaroslavovych Muzyka
48210, smt. Grymailiv, Gustyns'kyi raion
Phone: 38 (03557) 3-15-94; 3-12-93; 3-12-94
Roztochchya Reserve (#9) was organized in 1984 in L'viv region of Ukraine in the place with the large variety of highly productive forest ecosystems. The reserve is subordinated to the Ministry of Education and Science. Its forests are dominated by pine, beech, oak, and ash. Where forests end, swamps with rare species of birch, willow, and other plants can be found. The area of Roztochchya Reserve is the main watershed for the rivers of the Black and Baltic Seas. 28 plant species and 17 animal species are listed in the Red Book of Ukraine.
Contacts: Oleg Tadeiovych Donchuk
Roztochchya Nature Zapovidnyk
81070, smt. Ivano-Frankovo, Yavorovskiy raion
vul. Sichovykh stril'tsiv, 7
Phone: 38 (03259) 2-33-91
Nature Reserve Gorgany (#13) was organized in 1996 and is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Nature Resources. Almost a half of reserve territory is covered with century-old forests. These are mostly mixed forests of the following types: beech-fir-spruce, fir-spruce, «cedar» pine-spruce oldgrowth forests. There are 20 plant and 22 animal species listed in the Red Book of Ukraine.
Contacts: Vasyl' Mykhailovych Kyslyak
Nature Zapovidnyk Gorgany
78400, m. Nadvirna
vul. Komarova, 7
Phone: 38 (03475) 2-36-99
Fax: 38 (03475) 2-54-55
National Park Podil'ski Tovtry (#5) was organized in 1996 and is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Nature Resources. The unique landscapes of the Tovtorovyi ridge of Podillya are represented throughout the territory of the national park. The ridge is the only remains of the tortone barrier reef in Eastern Europe. Besides multiple ridges, there are many other interesting geological formations like canyons of the Dniester river, caves (including cave Atlantida), and lakes. The vegetation cover is formed by oak, mixed hornbeam-oak-ash, and beach forests; patches of grasslands (some with Stipa spp.) and meadows. There are about 1700 plant species in the park, with 60 of them listed in the Red Book. Besides natural landscapes, the national park also provides unique conditions for health resorts with mineral water springs of the «Naftusya» and «Myrgorods'ka» type. Among the cultural and historical monuments, there are places like Kam'yanets-Podil'skyi with its fortress.
Contacts: Oleksandr Kostyantynovych Nikitin
National Park Podil'ski Tovtry
32300, m. Kam'yanets-Podil'skyi
pl. Pols'kyi rynok, 6
Phone: 38 (03849) 3-27-71
Fax: 38 (03849) 3-12-70
You can also visit park's website at: http://www.tovtry.km.ua/
Yavorivskyi National Park (#7) was established in 1998 in Lvivs'ka Oblast' of Western Ukraine and is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. Most of the park territory is covered with hornbeam-oak, pine-oak, oak, and in lowlands - alder forests. There are also small areas of beech forests, which grow hills and ridges. From the 700 plant species growing there, about 40 are listed in the Red Book of Ukraine. The park also contains interesting historical monuments, churches and a monastery.
Contacts: Mykhailo Vasyliovych Bilyak
Yavorivskyi National Park
81070, smt. Ivano-Frankovo, Yavorivskiy raion
vul. Lvivs'ka, 32
Phone: 38 (03259) 2-31-35; 2-31-34
Askaniya-Nova Biosphere Reserve (#1) is the oldest in Ukraine. It was started in the end of
the XIX century as botanical garden and zoo. In 1919, Askaniya-Nova was declared the National Reserve
Park. In 1921, Askaniya-Nova became the first national reserve, and in December of 1984 by the decision
of the UNESCO Coordinating Council, it was declared the biosphere reserve. The reserve is subordinated to the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences.
Askaniya-Nova Reserve represents the unique area of the virgin dry steppe grassland. It protects the only known in Europe area of Festuca-Stipa grassland community. Nearly 50 animal species from all the continents of the Earth are grazing on the territory of the Great Chapelsk valley of the reserve including Przhewalsky horses, zebras, bisons, European bisons, zebu, elks, steppe deers, deers, antelopes, and others. A great numbers of bird species nest in the steppe, and other bird species use the reserve during the period of mass migrations.
More information at Unesco-MAB website,
and other websites with some pictures
Contacts: Victor Semenovych Gavrylenko
F.E. Falz-Fein Biosphere Zapovidnyk 'Askania-Nova'
3, Stepova St.
75230, smt. Askania-Nova, Chaplins'kyi Rayon
vul. Frunze, 13
Phone: 38 (05538) 6-11-47; 6-11-90
Fax: 38 (05538) 6-12-32
The Ukrainian Steppe Reserve was formed in 1961 by uniting such separate reserves as Khomutivsky steppe, Kamjani Mogyly, and Mikhailivska Tsilyna which became its branches. Main task of this reserve is to protect and study steppe ecosystems. The reserve is subordinated to the National Academy of Sciences.
The Ukrainian Steppe Reserve includes 4 Reserves:
Contacts: Anatolii Petrovych Genov
- 1. The Khomutivsky Steppe Reserve
(#3a) is located on the Black Sea low grounds along the steep left bank of the Gruz'kyi Elanchik river. The object of its protection is the virgin mixed herb and stipa grasslands with such rare species as narrow-leaved peony, Tatar sea kale, Shrenk tulip, pilos, Lessing fearher-grass, and others.
- 2. The Kam'yani Mogyly Reserve
(#3b) was established in 1927 in Zaporizhzhya region to protect typical mixed herb, sheep's fescue, and stipa grasslands on the outcrop of rocks of the Ukrainian crystalline platform.
- 3. The Mykhailivska Tsilyna Reserve
(#3c) is the only area in Ukraine that represents meadow steppe in the Forest-Steppe zone. Vegetation cover consists of grasses, in praticular the sheep's fescue, corn-grass, awnless spike-grass, wheat-grass, and other species that are not typical for the South grasslands.
- 4. The Melova Flora Reserve
(#3d) is located in the middle flow of the Siversky Donets' river. It was organized in 1988 to protect the rich ecosystem of steppe species almost extinct in other places.
Ukrainian Steppe Zapovidnyk
87100, s. Samsonove, Telmanivs'kyi Raion
Phone: 38 (06296) 9-33-14
The Lugansk Reserve is located in the Lugansk region of Ukraine. It was organized in 1968 to protect and study steppe landscapes, meadows, and flood forests. The reserve is subordinated to the National Acedemy of Sciences.
The Lugansk Reserve includes 3 reserves:
Contacts: Viktor Oleksiyovych Borozenets'
93600, smt. Stanychno-Lugans'ke-2
vul. Rubizhna, 95
Phone: 38 (06472) 2-63-91
Chornomors'kyi (Black Sea) Biosphere Reserve (#2) is located in Kherson and Mykolaiv regions of
Ukraine. It was established in 1927, and in 1984 it was declared the biosphere reserve by the decision
of the UNESCO Coordinating Council. The reserve is subordinated to the National Academy of Sciences. It plays an important role in the protection of nesting and migrating birds. 300 bird species inhabit the reserve, including 22 rare species and several species of birds endangered with extinction. Ninety percent of the world population of the black-headed gull called a nurse of fields nest here. The land part of the reserve is covered by sheep's grass and wormwood landscapes, and remains of forests dominated by the common oak, warty birch, violet acutifoliate willow, and alder that occupied the vast areas in the Dnieper's delta in the past.
The Black Sea Reserve also serves as an experimental base for the research in zoology, botany, and
hydrobiology, monitoring, and education of scientific personnel.
More information at Unesco-MAB website.
Contacts: Georgii Borysowytch Mayatskyi
Chornomors'kyi Biosphere Zapovidnyk
75600, m. Gola Prystan
vul. Lermontova, 1
Phone: 38 (05539) 2-64-71; 2-67-57
Fax: 38 (05539) 2-10-04
The Dunaiskii Biosphere Reserve (#4) is located in the Kiliy district of Odessa region in the flood plains of the Danube river delta. The area of the reserve also includes some islands and waters of the Black Sea. The Dunaiski Plavni Reserve was established in 1981 to protect animal and plant species of wetlands, and to research the processes in the riparian areas. The reserve represents interesting formations of the alveolar islands separated by shallow channels of water flowing into the Black Sea. The vegetation of the reserve includes such rare and endangered species of aquatic flora as water pea, floating moss, white and yellow water-lily, Carolina azola, and ferny. The territory of the reserve is used by numerous bird species for nesting and rest during migration.
In 1998, Dunaiskii Reserve was declared the biosphere reserve. It is subordinated to the National Academy of Sciences.
Contacts: Oleksandr Mykolaiovych Voloshkevych
Dunaiskii Biosphere Zapovidnyk
68355, m. Vylkove, Kiliiskyi Raion
vul. Tatarbunars'kogo povstannya, 132a
Phone: 38 (04843) 3-11-95
Fax: 38 (04843) 2-15-77
The Dniprovsko-Orilskyi Reserve (#11) was established in 1990 in Dnipropetrovsk region for the protection of flood plain species in the delta of the Dnieper river. The reserve includes aquatic, riparian, meadow, and marshland ecosystems, flood forests, terraced pine forests and sandy steppes. The system of lakes has formed on the flooded river valley including Gorvobe, Klynove, Bushpy, and Gorikhove lakes. The reserve is subordinated to the State Committee of Forestry.
Contacts: Yurii Mykolaiovych Palienko
49098, m. Dnipropetrovsk
vul. Poletaeva, 2
Phone: 38 (0562) 49-84-63
Azovo-Syvas'kyi National Park (#3) was organized in 1993 and is subordinated to the State Committee of Forestry. The first protected area here was established already in 1927 and since then it was reorginized and expanded. The coastal areas of the Black and Azov seas and especially the Syvash gulf with its multiple islands are important for many birds nesting here and for birds migrating through this area in spring and autumn.
Contacts: Evgen Sergiyovych Popovchuk
Azovo-Syvas'kyi National Park
75500, m. Genichesk
vul. Petrovsk'kogo, 54
Phone: 38 (05534) 2-21-09
Fax: 38 (05534) 2-27-98
National Park Svyati Gory (Saint Mountains) (#6) was organized in 1997 and is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. The reserve protects the area along the Sivers'kyi Donets' river in the Donets'ka region of Ukraine. The forest ecosystems are typical for the area. Besides them, there are rare cretaceous exfoliations along the river covered with relict cretaceous pine. There are also 179 health resorts on the territory of the park.
Contacts: Yurii Vasyliovych Vasil'ev
National Park Svyati Gory
84130, m. Slov'yanogirsk, Teplyns'ke lisnytstvo
vul. 60-richchya Zhovtnya, 1
Phone: 38 (06262) 5-57-33, 5-54-57
Fax: 38 (06262) 5-56-56
Yelanets'kyi Steppe Reserve (#12) was organized in 1996 in Mykolaivs'ka oblast' of Ukraine. It is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. The reserve protects virgin Festuca, Festuca-Stipa and shrubby plant community and also petrophyte steppe formations.
Contacts: Gennadii Valentynovych Sadovs'kyi
Yelanets'kyi Steppe Zapovidnyk
55553, s. Kalynivka, Yelanets'kyi Raion
Phone: 38 (05159) 9-12-95, 9-72-34
Fax: 38 (05159) 9-72-14
Ukrainian Karpaty mountains
The Karpats'kyi Biosphere Reserve (#3) is located in Tyachiv, Rakhiv, and Khust districts of the Transcarpathian region. It was established in 1968 to protect and research the natural ecosystems of the Carpathians at the altitudes of 200 to 2061 meters. The reserve is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. The total area of the reserve is 19,899 hectares, that includes 5 massifs.
Very comprehensive information is at http://cbr.nature.org.ua/ and also
- 1. The Ugolsko-Shyrokoluzhansky massif
is located on the altitude of 400-1,350 meters above the sea level in the central part of the Ukrainian Karpaty in the basins of the Small and Great Ugolky rivers. It is the unique area of the oldgrowth beech forests. The relict groves of berry yew and Kozak juniper still grow in some places on lime rocks. The large number of caves are spreaded around the reserve area.
- 2. The Chornogir massif
is located on the south slope of the Chornogir mountain range at the elevations of 800-2,061 meters in Rakhiv district. Several vegetation zones can be distinguished with altitude including pure beech oldgrowth forest changing into the mixed forest of beech, spruce, and fir trees with the submixture of ash, elm, sycamore maple, and maple. The pure fir forests start with elevation of 1,200 meters above the sea level with the upper forest limit at the elevations of 1,500 - 1,550 meters. The subalpine zone is represented by rock pine, green alder, and Siberian juniper.
- 3. The Marmarosk massif
is situated within the boundaries of the Marmaros crystalline mountains. The unique beech, spruce and fir forests, and pure fir forests grow on the mountain hills at the elevation of 850-1,700 meters. These forests are highly productive and biologically stable.
- 4. The Svidovets massif
has the largest in Ukraine population of common and cliff oaks growing on top of the Kimpa mountain (1,091 m). The territory of the reserve also contains mixed beech-oak and fir-oak forests. These areas have a great scientific significance for studying the structure of Carpathian forest ecosystems.
- 5. The Khust massif
is also called the «Valley of Narcissus». It is located in the valley of the Rica river not far from the town of Khust. It represents the unique plot of the naturally growing narrow-leafed narcissus that is protected in this reserve.
at Unesco-MAB website.
Contacts: Fedir Dmytrovych Gamor
Carpathian Biosphere Zapovidnyk
90600, m. Rakhiv
vul. Krasne Pleso, 77
Phone: 38 (03132) 2-21-93, 2-26-32
Fax: 38 (03132) 2-26-59
Karpats'kyi National Park (#1) is the first national park in Ukraine organized in 1980. It is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. The unique for Central Europe forest, sub-alpine and alpine ecosystems with mixed beech-fir-spruce and pure spruce forests can be found in the park. The park also conains health resorts, lodges, sport facilities, architectural and historical monuments, and archeological sites.
Contacts: Iosyp Iosypovych Poberezhnyk
Karpats'kyi National Park
78500, m. Yaremcha
vul. Stusa, 6
Phone: 38 (03434) 2-27-31, 2-11-58, 2-11-59
Fax: 38 (03434) 2-28-17
Vyzhnyts'kyi National Park (#4) was organized in 1995 and is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. The park is located in between the Cheremosh and Siret rivers. Such natural formations as Dnistrovs'kyi canyon, water falls, caves, and Carpathian mountains with their spruce forests and alpine grasslands can be found in the park.
Contacts: Yurii Illich Sorokan
Vyzhnyts'kyi National Park
59233, smt. Beregomet, Vyzhnyts'kyi Raion
vul. Golovna, 61
Phone: 38 (03730) 3-69-06, 3-60-52
Fax: 38 (03730) 3-63-49
National Park Synevyr (#2) was organized in 1989. It is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. The name of the park comes from the beuatiful lake Synevyr (from the names of two lovers: Synya and Vyr) lying among evergreen spruce forests of Karpaty mountains. The park also contains the famous raised (oligotrophic) bog Glukhanya. Besides the mountain landscapes, forests, and alpine grasslands, there are mineral water springs, old wooden houses, health resorts and recreational facilities.
Contacts: Ivan Stepanovych Derbak
National Park Synevyr
90041, s. Synevyr-Ostriky, Mizhgirs'kyi Raion
Phone: 38 (03146) 2-76-18,2-76-12
Fax: 38 (03146) 2-77-40
National Park Skolivs'ki Beskydy (#9) was established in 1999. It is subordinated to the State Committee of Forestry. One of the interpretations for the work 'beskydy' is highland pastures. The territory of the park protects mountainous forests: pure spruce and mixed beech, fir, and spruce forests. There are many hiking trails and mountain streams.
Contacts: Mykhailo Ivanovych Kokhanets
National Park Skolivs'ki Beskydy
82600, m. Skole
vul. Knyazya Svyatoslava, 3
Phone: 38 (03251) 2-18-49
Fax: 38 (03251) 2-14-11
National Park Uzhans'kyi (#11) was established in 1999. It is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. The protective area was established here already in 1912. In 1999, Uzhans'kyi National Park became a part of the first in Europe international Polish-Slovakian-Ukrainian biosphere reserve «Eastern Karpaty». The park contains valuable mixed beech forests (with maple-yavir and fir), old-growth forests, meadows, mineral water springs, wooden architecture, health resorts and ski lodges. The administration of the park developes trails for hiking and other forms of tourism.
Contacts: Vasyl' Oleksiyovych Kopach
National Park Uzhans'kyi
89000, smt. Velykyi Bereznyi
vul. Shevchenka, 54
Phone: 38 (03135) 2-17-70
Fax: 38 (03135) 2-10-37
National Park Gutsul'schyna (#12) was established in 2002. It is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. The park covers distinctive natural landscapes with diversity of plant and animal species. There are habitats for species protected in the Red Book of Ukraine. The park also includes cultural and historical monuments.
Contacts: Vasyl' Vasyliovych Prorochuk
National Park Gutsul'schyna
78600, m. Kosiv
vul. Grushevs'kogo, 4
Phone: 38 (03478) 2-23-53, 2-22-23, 2-10-80
Fax: 38 (03478) 2-23-60
The Karadag Reserve (#8) is located in between the cities of Feodosia and Sudak in the south-east coastal part of the Crimean peninsula. It was established in 1979 to protect the only rocky shoreline massif in Europe of the Jurassic period with the elevations over 577 meters above the sea level. The area features the formations of the extinct volcano origin. Karadag is the unique natural and mineral museum where the crystal, amethyst, cornelian, agate, jasper, opal, and other minerals can be found. The comparatively small territory of the reserve has the large variety of plant ecosystems such as fir and pistachio-tree forests, broad-leaved forests with downy oak, hornbeam, and ash, mixed herb and grass meadows. The reserve is subordinated to the National Academy of Sciences.
Contacts: Alla Leontiivna Morozova
98188, m. Feodosiya, p.v. Kurortne
Phone: 38 (06562) 3-83-31
The Krymskii Reserve (#1) is located on the slopes of the Golovnyi range of Crimean mountains. It also includes Karkinits'ka bay and Lebedyni (Swan) islands. This reserve started in 1923 to protect the unique ecosystems of Crimean mountains. It is currently subordinated to the State Committee of Forestry. Most of the area in the reserve is covered with Crimea oak, beech and pine forests. The reserve also protects plots of berry yew and tall juniper. Many Crimean rivers start in these forests.
The «Lebedyni islands» (Swan islands) branch of the reserve houses many species of waterfowl birds. The large flocks of swan gather here during the molting period.
Contacts: Oleksandr Volodymyrovych Bardakov
98500, m. Alushta, AR Krym
vul. Partyzans'ka, 42
Phone: 38 (06560) 5-04-40
The Cape Mart'yan Reserve (#7) is situated near to the city of Yalta. It was established in 1993 and is subordinated to the Ukrainian Acedemy of Agrarian Sciences. The reserve provides the protection for the valuable coast-aquatic ecosystem located in the central part of the South Crimean coast. The relic vegetation of the Mediterranean type includes fir, oak-juniper, and oak forests. There are valuable natural stands of tall juniper that are 200-300 years old with the single trees of 500-600 years old.
Contacts: Valerii Mykytovych Yezhov
Cape Mart'yan Zapovidnyk
98600, m. Yalta, Nikits'kyi botsad
Phone: 38 (0654) 33-54-77
The Yalta Mountain Forest Reserve (#6) spreads from the Aiya cape to the Ayu-Dag mountain. The reserve was organized in 1973 and subordinated to the State Committee of Forestry. The 4 to 10 kilometer band of forest stands stretches along the Black Sea coast on the southern hills of the Golovnyi range of Crimean mountains. The reserve provides protection to the typical mountainous forest ecosystems mainly composed of Crimean pine, but also juniper, oak, hornbeam, and beech. The territory of the reserve features waterfalls, caves, craters, grottos, and rocks.
Contacts: Oleksandr Mykhailovych Miroshnychenko
Yalta Mountain Forest Zapovidnyk
98600, m. Yalta
pr-t Soviets'kyi, p.o. box 25
Phone: 38 (06554) 37-88-41
Fax: 38 (06554) 37-98-38
The Kazantypskyi Nature Reserve (#14) was established in 1998. It is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. The reserve protects virgin ecosystems of coastal area and also near coastal sea algae communities. The plant communities are mostly associated to the steppe type.
Contacts: Valerii Oleksandrovych Maksymenko
Kazantypskyi Nature Zapovidnyk
98213, m. Scholkino, Lenins'kyi Raion
Phone: 38 (0657) 2-22-50
The Opukskyi Nature Reserve (#15) was established in 1998 and is subordinated to the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. The reserve protects Festuca-Stipa steppe and salt-marsh landscapes, unique shrub communities, rock plants and animals. There are 14 plant and 9 animal species included into the Red Book of Ukraine.
Contacts: Semen Nazarovych Kuznetsov
Opukskyi Nature Zapovidnyk
98300, m. Kerch
vul. Kirova, 31a
Phone: 38 (06561) 1-05-01
This information was obtained from the broshure «Standards of Wildlife» published by the Ministry of the Environment Protection of Ukraine, 1993, and
updated from the webpage of the Ministry of Ecology on
protected nature territories in Ukraine.
Forestry institutions in Ukraine
Forests in Ukraine
Questions? Email me at
This website was created in 1998 and being updated constantly.