Spring 2018:



Date: Saturday, May 19, 2018
Location: Portland State University, Academic and Student Recreation Center, Room 230.
Program:

• 10:30-11:30 -- Rachel Pries (Colorado State University), Lecture I: Newton polygons of cyclic covers of the projective line
• 11:50-12:20 -- Özlem Ejder (Colorado State University), Sporadic points on X_1(n)
• 12:20-2:30 -- Lunch
• 2:30-3:30 -- Rachel Pries (Colorado State University), Lecture II: Generalizing a Galois action on the homology of the Fermat curve


Abstracts:

• Rachel Pries, Lecture I: Newton polygons of cyclic covers of the projective line.

An elliptic curve in characteristic p can be ordinary or supersingular. For a curve of higher genus, there are finer invariants on the Jacobian called the Newton polygon and the Dieudonne module. They give information about the Frobenius morphism. Studying cyclic covers of the projective line, we verify many new examples of Newton polygons and Dieudonne modules which occur for Jacobians of smooth curves. For the proof, we study the Newton polygon and Ekedahl-Oort stratification of PEL-type Shimura varieties and compute slopes of Frobenius on the crystalline cohomology. As an application, we give new examples of supersingular curves of genus 5-11. This is joint work with Li, Mantovan, and Tang.

• Rachel Pries, Lecture II: Generalizing a Galois action on the homology of the Fermat curve.

The Fermat curves play an important role in arithmetic geometry, not only because of Fermat's Last Theorem, but also because they characterize abelian covers of the projective line branched at 3 points. Anderson studied the action of the absolute Galois group of Q on the homology of the Fermat curve. In earlier work, we gave explicit formulas for this action. In this project, we determine the Galois action on the second quotient of the fundamental group of the Fermat curve. The proof involves some fun combinatorics, commutator identities, a cup product in cohomology. This is joint work with Davis and Wickelgren.

• Özlem Ejder: Sporadic points on X_1(n).

The points on the modular curve X_1(n) (roughly) classifies the pairs (E,P) up to isomorphism where E is an elliptic curve and P is a point of order n on E. We call a closed point x on X_1(n) sporadic if there are only finitely many closed points of degree at most deg(x); hence classifying sporadic points on X_1(n) is closely related to determining the torsion subgroups of elliptic curves over a degree d field. When d=1 or 2, Mazur and Kamienny's work show that there are no sporadic points of degree d on X_1(n). In this talk, I will discuss that the sporadic j-invariants of bounded degree is finite. This is joint with A. Bourdon, Y. Liu, F. Odumudu and B. Viray.

Registration


If you plan to attend this meeting, please register by filling out this webform.

Parking


There are several visitor parking options on campus. On Saturdays, metered street parking is usually available. Moreover, hourly pay-by-plate parking is available to any guest, student, or employee of the University. Payment is required all hours, all days, except for official university holidays. Self-service pay stations do not provide change. The Fifth Avenue Parking Lot is the closest lot to the Oregon Number Theory Days meeting; see the campus parking map for locations and rates. Here are frequently asked questions about pay-by-plate.

Previous meetings:



Winter 2018 (Oregon State University):
• Ken Ono (Emory University) Lecture I, Polya's Program for the Riemann Hypothesis and Related Problems
• Ken Ono (Emory University) Lecture II, Can you feel the Moonshine?
• Asif Zaman (Stanford University), A new formulation of the Chebotarev density theorem
• Posters presented by Jetjaroen Klangwang (Oregon State University), Peter Cho-Ho Lam (Simon Frasier University), and Daniel Reiss (University of Idaho)

Fall 2017 (University of Oregon):
• Kirsten Eisenträger (Penn State) Lecture I, Undecidability in number theory. (video of this lecture)
• Kirsten Eisenträger (Penn State) Lecture II, Existentially and universally definable subsets of global fields. (video of this lecture)
• Travis Scholl (University of Washington), Isolated elliptic curves in cryptography.



Support has been provided by:


NSF
    National Science Foundation
PIMS
    Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences
NTF
    Number Theory Foundation
UO
    College of Arts and Sciences, University of Oregon
OSU
    Oregon State University College of Science and Department of Mathematics
PSU
    College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Portland State University

Organizers


Shabnam Akhtari University of Oregon
Derek Garton Portland State University
Clay Petsche Oregon State University
Holly Swisher Oregon State University

Email: oregonnumbertheorydays@gmail.com