Oregon State University

CS 101: Applications and Implications of Computers

Oregon State University, College of Engineering

Chapter 4 ~ How Search and
Digital Knowledge Works

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During the 2016 USA election cycle, 'bad actors' tied to the Russian government contributed to millions of pages of fake news being presented to people within Facebook feeds. This dissemination of disinformation may have affected the outcome of the election. Many other countries' elections were also affected by this problem. Subsequent studies have determined many citizens do not know the difference between factual, opinion, and dis-informational writing.

To combat this problem, use the following research and learning activities to ensure that you are prepared to view the most factual news to foster life-long learning.

Group Discussion

Start a new word processing document or Keep note and write about the reading and research below. Write in complete sentences. Hyperlink the titles of articles in your writing so your groupmates can quickly jump to them. Check spelling and grammar. After posting your finished writing, reply to another student's thread.

4.1 Research fake news.

  1. Start by viewing How Fake News Works (captioned).
  2. In the first paragraph of your discussion notes, write about what you learned from the movie.

4.2 Explore the Media Bias Chart.

  1. To ensure that you understand how to find quality sources of news and information for your upcoming projects (in this class and others), explore the following Media Bias Chart to help you differentiate factual news sources from opinion and sensational sources.
    Sources at the top, in the middle, marked in green, are deemed 'reliable' due to their adherence to journalism ethics and factual reporting standards. Read more about the future of the Media Bias Chart and Vanessa Otero's research methods.
    View the chart in full-screen mode; it will be too small to view on the phone or tablets.
    One interpretation of 'left' and 'right' is provided by David McCandless and Stepfanie Posevec in their 2010 Left vs Right World (2010) Infographic.
  2. In the second paragraph of your discussion notes, write about these experiences using the Media Bias Chart:
    • Do you typically read sources which are listed at the top center of the chart or from the edges and further down the chart?
    • What did you learn from looking at headlines and ads found at Associated Press and Reuters? Compare them to headlines and ads found on Fox News.
    • Check your social media feeds (or your favorite online news sources) to determine if you find less reputable sources listed there. Are they paid subscriptions, from sites and groups you've liked, or ads that look like news?

4.3 Set up the SmartNews app.

SmartNews
SmartNews tabs with three custom sources.

Using the SmartNews app on your phone, tablet, or Chromebook, you'll add trustworthy news sources to a news feed, which you can use to keep track of what's happening in the world of technology, as well as find relevant articles that support the writing for this and future projects.

  1. On your computer, tablet, or phone, search for the Smart News app using the Apple or Google Play store. Install the app.
  2. Scroll right through the tabs at the top to get to the gray navicon menu. Or, for iPhones, locate the Settings (gear ⚙) menu and Edit Channels.
  3. Remove all news categories from the list except for Technology. The red Top and blue Discover tabs will remain. Click the X or to get back to the tabs.
  4. Click on the Discover tab and search for and add AP, Reuters, and PolitiFact. to the list of sources. Deselect all other news sources.
  5. Scroll to the Technology section. You may need to click the Show all link.
  6. Add one or more of these magazines to your feed to help with future research: Fast Company, Wired, CNET, Engadget, Tech Insider, ZDNet, The Register, MIT Technology Review, PCMagazine.
  7. Scroll through the new tabs and compare the headline writing style of the red Top area with those of AP and Reuters. Do you notice their differences? Are some headlines more factual or less sensational than others? How many technology-related articles are provided on the AP and Reuters news feed? Nearly every day there is some important news about companies we rely on!
  8. Take a look at FastCompany's feed. You'll usually notice they are focused on ethical issues as well as new technologies.

In the third paragraph of your discussion notes:

  1. Add notes about a single Computer Science-related article you discovered in the AP or Reuters feed.
  2. Also note whether the headline attempted to grab your attention with facts or with sensational wording?
  3. Did the information change your thinking about the topic?

4.4 Post your finished writing.

  1. Click on the Chapter 4 ~ Media Bias & News group discussion from the Home screen in Canvas.
  2. Click the more_vert 3-dot More menu to see the Rubric.
  3. Compare your work to the Rubric to ensure you've written about the three required topics.
  4. Copy your writing from your discussion document and paste it into a new Reply thread and save.
  5. Reply to another student's thread with more detail about the same topic as their computer science article found via the SmartNews App. This is your fourth paragraph. Cite the articles you refer to by hyperlinking their title. Adhere to the Writing Requirements.

Set up a bibliography tool.

From Chapter 4 on, you'll need to use a bibliography tool to help generate a list of sources you're writing about.

4.5 Get familiar with bibliography apps.

So that each article you reference in the following project (and any in your future) is properly cited and listed in a bibliography, learn to use a Bibliography generating tool so that you don't have to type each bit of data from scratch.

Some tools will generate biblio entries for you, but they don't all include each bit of required data, so you will need to customize some of those entries. For example, you may need to edit all Youtube entries to include the author/publisher, title, and publication date.

Bibliography tools

The following bibliographic tools will help you track and properly cite articles, images, and movies to use in each of the assignments. If you already use a tool you like, then you don't need to set up another one.

If you have never tracked sources with an app, you are required to try one of the following options. It will save you a lot of time!

Using an app will also keep your computer from crashing due to too many browser tabs being active simultaneously.

Choose one to set up:
  • Zotero For Windows or Google
  • Endnote For MS Office
  • Mendeley For MS Office
  • Easybib Online tool
  • Cite this for Me Chrome extension
  • Microsoft Word
  • Citation Machine logo Online tool

It doesn't matter which style you use for each bibliography (IEEE, MLA, APA, etc.) but each one must include: author last name, author first name, title, publisher, publication date, page number (optional), and the URL. Here is an example:

Desjardins, Jeff. 2016. "The Extraordinary Raw Materials In An Iphone 6S". Visual Capitalist. https://www.visualcapitalist.com/extraordinary-raw-materials-iphone-6s/.

Tips
  1. If a source does not have an author, use the title.
  2. If a source lacks a date, use the copyright date of the web page or publication (usually found in the footer).
  3. If a source is not online, then a URL is not required.
Avery Kroft demonstrates how to use Zotero on Windows. (2019) Captioned

Design a presentation template.

Print these instructions.

The following procedure has many steps, which are perhaps easier to follow when you print and check them off as you go. Hide/close + the previous section to avoid printing too many pages.

A slideshow presentation file allows us to write, style, edit, and animate presentations for online tutorials, speeches with audience participation, and interactive animations.

The diagram below outlines some of the most common options regardless of the brand. This diagram is from Google Slides but Microsoft PowerPoint, and Apple Keynote also provide the same tools.

The word processing user interface is generally universal.

4.6 Launch a presentation application and a blank file.

Start with a blank document:

  • Microsoft PowerPoint:
    1. Click the Blank Presentation icon.
    2. Change the title to How Internet Search Works.
    3. Update the dimensions of the slideshow from the File > Page Setup screen (or the Design tab's Customize Slide Size menu). Choose On-screen Show (16:9).
      Update the dimensions to match widescreen 16:9 ratio.
    4. Ctrls save the file with this filename: How Internet Search Works.pptx and move it to your CS 101 folder.
  • Google Slides:
    1. Click the red plus icon in the lower right corner of the screen.
    2. Change the title from Untitled document to How Internet Search Works.
    3. Confirm that the dimensions of the slideshow are set to Widescreen 16:9 via the File > Page Setup screen.
      Update the dimensions to match widescreen 16:9 ratio.
    4. Click the folder icon to move the file to your CS 101 folder on the Google drive. Move the file into your CS 101 folder.

4.7 Design a cover slide template.

  • Microsoft PowerPoint
    1. August Peterson demonstrates how to design and rename the master cover slide in PowerPoint. (2018) Captioned Note that the font for this term must be Tahoma, rather than Lucida.
      From the View tab Choose Slide Master. Choose the second master slide design.
      Choose the master slide from the View tab.
    2. From the Design tab's Format Background area, choose orange. Or from the Slide Master tab's Background Styles area, choose orange.
      Edit the background.
      Edit the background.
    3. Click to edit Master title style and double-click to access to the text popup toolbar. Change the text color to white and the font to Tahoma Bold.
    4. Click to edit Master subtitle style and double-click to access to the text popup toolbar. Change the text color to dark purple and the font to Tahoma.
      Edit the background.
    5. Right-click on the OSU logo in the header at the top of this chapter page.
      • Choose Copy the image then paste it onto the master slide.
      • OR, choose Copy image address then Insert > Picture. and paste the URL into the field and submit/insert.
      • Move the image to the lower-left corner of the slide (but not to the very edge; leave about 1/8-inch breathing room). Insert the OSU logo on the bottom left corner.
    6. From the Master Slide tab, choose Rename and change the slide master name to CS101 cover.
      Rename the cover slide master.
  • Google Slides
    1. Google Slides Vanessa Nunez demonstrates how to name and update the master cover slide. (2019) Captioned
      Choose Slides > Edit Master from the main toolbar.
      Edit the slide master.
    2. Choose Slide > Edit Master from the main toolbar.
    3. Click on the second layout slide under the Simple Light template list. Rename it CS101 cover. Click the Background button and choose orange from the Color Picker.
      Change the background to orange.
    4. Click the textbox that says Click to edit master title style. Select all the text using Ctrla, a, or by triple-clicking. Change the color to white and the font to Tahoma Bold.
      Change the text color. Do the same for the second textbox that says Click to edit master subtitle style but change the color to dark magenta 2 (or similar color) and the font to Tahoma size 28pt.
    5. Right-click on the OSU logo in the header at the top of this chapter page.
      • Choose Copy the image then paste it onto the master slide.
      • OR, choose Copy image address then Insert > Image > By URL. and paste the URL into the field and submit/insert.
      • Move the image to the lower-left corner of the slide (but not to the very edge; leave about 1/8-inch breathing room). Insert the OSU logo on the bottom left corner.
    6. Click the X to exit out of the black the Master Slide editing screen.

4.8 Design a text slide template.

  • Microsoft PowerPoint Karli Cooper demonstrates how to design the Text slide template for Windows using PowerPoint (2019). Captioned
    1. From the Slide Master tab choose the third slide layout.
      Choose the third slide layout.
    2. Click the top textbox that says Click to edit Master title style. Change the color to dark purple and the font to Tahoma Bold size 33pt (the size shown below is too big; use 33pt).
      Strech and move the title textbox.
      And, move this textbox closer to the top and stretch it to the right and left edges using the round gray handles.
      Strech and move the title textbox.
    3. Click the main text box then click Edit Master text styles textbox. Ctrla select all the text. From the Format pane, choose Text Options. Change the color to dark gray, the font to Tahoma, the size to 18pt, and line height of 1.5.
      Change the headline to purple.

      Either right-click on the textbox to choose list Bulleting and None or choose the Home tab's list Bulleting menu to turn off bullets beside the lines of text.
      Right-click to turn off bulleting.
    4. Remove footer text blocks, if any, from under the main text box.
      Stretch and move the textboxes.
    5. Move the main textbox closer to the title textbox so it touches.
      Also, stretch it to the right and left edges using the square gray handles. Also, stretch it so the bottom of the textbox touches the bottom edge of the slide.
      Stretch and move the textboxes.
      Drag the edge of the bottom textbox to the left and stop when it snaps into alignment with the top one.
      Stretch and move the textboxes.
    6. From the Master Slide tab, choose Rename and change the slide master name to CS101 text.
      Rename the text slide master.
    7. Exit out of the Slide Master area by clicking the big red X labeled Close Master View.
      Close the Master View area.
    1. If you are not in the Master Slide editing area, then choose Slide > Edit Master from the main toolbar.
    2. Click on the Simple Light-One Column text layout slide Rename it CS101 text.
    3. Click the textbox that says Click to edit master title style. Change the color to dark magenta 2 (or similar color) and the font to Tahoma and the style to Bold. And, move this textbox closer to the top and stretch it to the right edge using the square blue handles.
      Move the headline.
      Stretch the headline.
    4. Click the textbox that has bulleted lists. Select all the text, change the color to dark gray 4, and the font to Tahoma size 18pt, and the line spacing to 1.5. And, move this textbox closer to the title textbox and stretch it to the right edge using the square blue handles. Also, stretch it so the bottom of the textbox touches the bottom edge of the slide.
      Move the textbox.
      Stretch the textbox.
    5. Select both the headline and text textboxes and Arrange > Align Align Left.
      Align the two textboxes to the left.
    6. Click the X to exit out of the black the Master Slide editing screen.

4.9 Apply the templates and edit the text.

  • Microsoft PowerPoint
    1. If the first slide does not already have the CS 101 Cover master style applied, then add it from the Home tab's Layout > CS101 Cover master layout area.
      Apply the new cover layout to the cover slide.
    2. Double-click the title textbox and change the title to How Internet Search Works (you may have done this already).
    3. Double-click the subtitle textbox and type your first and last name.
    4. From the Home tab, add New slide and choose the CS101 Text master style. Or, from the Insert or Home > Layout menus, choose the CS 101 text master layout from the list of options.
      Apply the new template layout to the text slide.
  • Google Slides
    1. Select the first slide and Slide > Apply Layout > CS 101 cover from the list of template options.
      Apply the new template layout to the slide.
    2. Click into the title textbox and change the title to How Internet Search Works.
    3. Click into the subtitle textbox and type your first and last name.
    4. Select the second slide and Slide > Apply Layout > CS 101 text from the list of template options.
      Apply the new template layout to the slide.
    5. Cntlm or Insert > New Slide from the main toolbar. Apply the Text Master slide if it didn't already get applied automatically. Type some placeholder text there to ensure the slide color, font, size, and line-height look like the example below.

4.10 Add a transition.

Shift-click to select both slides from the Slide list on the left.

  • From the Transitions tab, choose Wipe > Effect Options > From Right.
    Change the transition from slide to slide.
    Reduce the duration from 1.00 to 0.75.
    Change the transition timing. Apply to all slides.
  • William Crombie demonstrates two ways to add transitions in Google Slides (Fall 2019).
    Choose Slide > Change Transition and Slide from the Right.
    Change the transition from slide to slide.
    Increase the speed and click Apply to all slides. Click the X to close the transition panel.
    Change the transition from the right.

View the slideshow in Presentation mode to ensure that the transitions work from slide to slide.

Doesn't your presentation look great!

Writing fills the page on slide 2.

The CS101 Cover slide master should have an Orange background, centered White bold heading in Tahoma font, and a Purple or Dark Magenta 2 name in Tahoma font in the default sizes. The OSU logo should be rendering with a transparent background in the lower left corner of the cover, just shy of the edges.

The CS 101 Text slide master should have smaller margins (the text boxes should touch the left, bottom, and right edges as well as the bottom of the heading textbox). The headings should be set to Tahoma Bold size 33pt in Purple or Dark Magenta 2. The textbox should be set to dark gray color in Tahoma 18pt with 1.5 line height. If you set the text size to 18pt with 1.5 line spacing, then 10 or 11 lines of text should fit nicely under the heading. If you want to write more than 10 lines of text for any given topic, add a second slide. None of the writing should be set to bullets.

Later, you'll write a single paragraph per slide that summarizes the readings/movies. And, you'll add the Bibliography list in 12pt numbered line items.

Need the Instructor's help?

If you have questions about completing the technical skills or the writing, you can share your file with the instructor.

  • Share a Google file:
    1. With your file open, click the Sharing button at the top right of the screen. Or, if the file is not open but listed in the Drive, right-click it to choose the Share menu.
    2. Click the Get Link box to update the OSU Settings and copy the link:
      Change settings so that only OSU people can view. Copy the link.
    3. Ignore the Share with People and Groups box for this course.
      Don't share your files this way for this course.
    4. Paste the URL into the Canvas Inbox message or Assignment Comment box, along with your questions. Note which step number you're stuck on.
  • Share a Microsoft file:
    1. Login to your OSU OneDrive account from the browser.
    2. Drag the file from your hard drive to the OSU OneDrive file list in the browser to transfer it there.
    3. Beside the file name in the list, click the Share icon:
      Click the Share icon for the file to change the settings.
    4. Choose the settings provided in the screenshot below:
      Change settings so that only OSU people can view it without editing or downloading.
    5. Copy the link so you can provide it to the instructor or in the Assignment Comment box.
      Click the Copy Link icon. Select and copy the link.
    6. Paste the URL into the Canvas Inbox message or Assignment Comment box, along with your questions. Note which step number you're stuck on.

Research and Write about Search.

View the movies and scroll through the articles to learn new concepts.

Each text slide should have one paragraph of writing (about 10 lines or 130 words), however, you may add more slides to accommodate more than 10 lines of writing for any given topic.

4.11 Write about how searching the World Wide Web works.

  1. How Search Works. Add the movie to your bibliography tool.

    On slide 2 of your presentation file, update the Title to say How Search Works.
  2. Write a single paragraph that summarizes how search works. Write in your own words (do not copy or quote what you heard or read). Write only as much as will fit on the slide but write a full page of details. Be thorough but concise and do not repeat yourself. Each slide should hold about 130 words. Refer to the Example in the previous step.
  3. Right-click on the article's title above and choose Copy link address, then, select the name of the article in your paragraph and Ctrlk or k to add a hyperlink. Select important keywords and apply the Bold style.

4.12 Write about search phrases and how to find what you're looking for.

  1. Get More Out of Google. Ignore ads in the right column.
  2. Add the infographic to your bibliography tool. Cite the more recent article that includes the infographic: Marketing Strategy XY. Learn more at 23 Google Search Tips You'll Want to Learn.

    Add a new slide (3), update the Title to say Using Search Phrases then write a single paragraph that summarizes how to improve searching results.
  3. Right-click on the article's title above and choose Copy link address, then, select the name of the article in your paragraph and Ctrlk or k to add a hyperlink. Select important keywords and apply the Bold style.

4.13 Write about how online advertising works.

  1. Online Advertising, Crash Course Media Literacy #7, edited by Brandon Brungard for PBS.. Add the movie to your bibliography tool.

    Add a new slide (4) and update the Title to say How Online Advertising Works then write a single paragraph that summarizes how online advertising works. Right-click on the article's title above and choose Copy link address, then, select the name of the article in your paragraph and Ctrlk or k to add a hyperlink. Select important keywords and apply the Bold style.
  2. Click to read: Truth in Advertising Laws
    Add another new slide (5) titled Truth in Advertising Laws and write about Truth in Advertising laws. Add the article to your bibliography tool. Right-click on the article's title above and choose Copy link address, then, select the name of the article in your paragraph and Ctrlk or k to add a hyperlink. Select important keywords and apply the Bold style.
  3. Click to read: U.S. Digital Advertising Industry: Statistics & Facts. Click the Read more link to see the entire article.
    Add another new slide (6) titled Who Profits from Online Advertising? and write about who profits from online advertising and by how much. Add the article to your bibliography tool. Right-click on the article's title above and choose Copy link address, then, select the name of the article in your paragraph and Ctrlk or k to add a hyperlink. Select important keywords and apply the Bold style.

4.14 Write about how data mining works.

  1. Data Mining by The Checkout. Add the movie to your bibliography tool.
  2. Add a new slide (7) and update the title to say How Data Mining Works then summarize the positive and negative aspects of loyalty programs, and similar concepts such as microtargeting, geotracking, and cyberpsychology.
  3. Right-click on the article's title above and choose Copy link address, then, select the name of the article in your paragraph and Ctrlk or k to add a hyperlink. Select important keywords and apply the Bold style.

4.15 Write about how artificial intelligence (AI) works.

  1. Machine Learning & Artificial Intelligence. Add the movie to your bibliography tool.
  2. Add a new slide (8) and update the title to say How Artificial Intelligence Works then write a single paragraph that summarizes how online search machine learning and artificial intelligence works, such as predictions, classifying, decision trees, deep learning, and strong and narrow AI. Right-click on the movie's title above and choose Copy link address, then, select the name of the article in your paragraph and Ctrlk or k to add a hyperlink. Select important keywords and apply the Bold style.
  3. Add a new slide (9) and update the title to say Problems with AI then research problems with ML and AI and write a single paragraph that summarizes ethical issues with AI. Copy URL address for the article or movie you found, then, select the name of the article in your paragraph and Ctrlk or k to add a hyperlink. Select important keywords and apply the Bold style.
  4. Add a new slide (10) and update the title to say Solutions Provided by AI then research and write a single paragraph that summarizes solutions provided by ML and AI. Copy URL address for the article or movie you found, then, select the name of the article in your paragraph and Ctrlk or k to add a hyperlink. Select important keywords and apply the Bold style.
  5. Check and correct grammar and spelling using the built-in functions, Grammarly plugin, or LanguageTool Chrome extension.
    • Click the Review tab on the ribbon. Click Spelling or Spelling & Grammar.
    • Click Tools > Check Spelling > Spell check. A box will open in the top right corner.
    • ; or choose Edit > Spelling and Grammar > Check Grammar With Spelling (a checkmark indicates it’s on), then choose Check Document Now.

4.16 Add a Bibliography.

Add a new slide (11) and update the title to say Bibliography. Paste in the bibliography entries saved from your bibliography tool. There should be at least 9 entries. Be sure to add author names, titles, publish dates, and publisher names if your tool did not provide them (for example, YouTube is not the author, title, or publisher of user-uploaded media). Select all of the bibliography text, and apply size 12pt. Then, click the numbering icon to separate them.

Right click to restarting numbering for numbered lists. All of this chapter's sources should fit on one slide, however you can add another slide and restart the numbering if needed. From the second bibliography slide's textbox (Google Slides), apply sizde 12pt and the numbering icon then right-click and choose Restart Numbering (Slides) or Start At (PowerPoint) field and type in the number needed to continue the list.
Bibliography should be numbered in 12pt Tahoma.

Add the Presentation to the Document.

4.17 Save as PDF

Save the presentation as a PDF file. This is the primary file you will submit in Canvas.

  • File > Export as PDF/XPS. Save the file to your CS 101 folder on the hard drive.
  • File > Download as PDF. Save the file to your CS 101 folder on the hard drive or Google Drive.
  1. In order for others to see your presentation without having to download, ask for permission, or look at your editing file, share it publically, or publish it to the web. The goal is to provide a live link that starts the presentation in presentation mode without any hassles. Share/publish the file using the correct cloud drive:
      1. Save > Save as PPSX or Show... file.
      2. Login to your OSU OneDrive account from the browser.
      3. Drag the file from your hard drive to the OSU OneDrive file list in the browser to transfer it there.
      4. Beside the file name in the list, click the Share icon:
        Click the Share icon for the file to change the settings.
      5. Choose the settings provided in the screenshot below:
        Change settings so that only OSU people can view it without editing or downloading.
      6. Copy the link so you can use it in the next steps.
        Click the Copy Link icon.
        Select and copy the link.
    • File > Publish to the web > Publish. Copy the sharing link so you can use it in the next steps.
      Publish to the web.
      Copy the published sharing link.
  2. Hyperlink the shared URL in the word processing document.
    1. Open the What I’ve learned about computing document that you created in the previous chapter. Save the file with a new name so it reads What I've Learned First and Last Name Ch4.
    2. Jump to section 4. How Search and Digital Knowledge Works.
    3. Add this text under the section 4 headline: This content is provided in a shared presentation file, which anyone at OSU can view.
    4. Select the words shared presentation file and click the link icon, right-click to add a link, or insert a link. Ctrlv or v the sharing URL that you copied and Apply.
  3. Confirm that the link works by hovering over it and clicking on the URL that pops up.
    View and click the URL of a hyperlink.
  4. Save as the file with CtrlShifts or Shifts, and rename the file What I've Learned NAME Ch__. Replace NAME with your name. Replace __ with the chapter number. Next, create a PDF file:
    • From the File menu, choose Save As > PDF > Standard (for electronic and printing distribution).
      If you are using Word for Macintosh, then choose PDF > For Printing.
      Or, Ctrlp to Print a PDF file. Choose PDF from the list of printers.
    • From the File menu, choose Download as PDF.
    • From the File menu, choose Export to... and choose PDF.
      OR, p to Print a PDF file. Choose PDF from the list of printers.
  5. Check to confirm that hyperlinks work.
  6. Move all files to this course's folder in the Documents folder of your hard drive.
  7. This PDF is your second submission. If the hyperlink doesn't work in the newly generated PDF file, then try saving the PDF a different way: Export, Save, or Print. If it still doesn't work, then when you submit the file, add the platform and software version to the Assignment Commenting box. I'll grant credit even though your software is faulty.

4.19 Submit the assignment

  1. Upload the How Search Works slideshow presentation PDF file on the Canvas Assignment page.
    • Confirm that it uploaded.
    • Check the TurnItIn Report for plagiarized phrases and sentences.
    • Either edit or quote those highlighted passages in your original file and resave the PDF file.
    • Upload the newer version in the Canvas Assignment Submission Details screen.
  2. Also, upload the What I've Learned... PDF file.
  3. Paste the published/sharing URL of your slideshow presentation into the Commenting box if your hyperlink in the What I've Learned PDF file doesn't work.
    Upload the second file using the Add Another File link.

Back up to multiple sources

Earlier, you saved a copy of your work with a new name. Now, copy that backup to a different location, such as:

  1. Cloud drive such as Google Drive, Microsoft OneDrive, or Apple iCloud.
  2. A USB stick drive.
  3. Zip archive file.
  4. Turn on automatic backups.
    • Windows 10
      Learn to use the Windows File History feature to backup files to a new location.
    • MacOS
      Learn to use Time Machine for backup up automatically to external hard drive devices.

Because bad things happen to good people and their computers, you must back up every time you work on a project. Losing your work because of a technical glitch and lack of a backup will not provide you with a due date extension; it will only provide you with empathy.

Criteria to meet by the end of chapter 4

If you have questions about how to use any of the required technologies for this lesson or what the following criteria mean, please reread the relevant lessons, view the Zoom recordings, then ask the Instructor via the Canvas Inbox.

Check Canvas Home, Assignments, and Calendar for the most current Due date and time. The Available Until date and time constitutes a grace period, which can be used in an emergency, or if you are ill.

By the end of chapter 4, these items must be completed to earn all full points:

Discussion

  1. Discussed and cited the Here's How Fake News Works video.
  2. Discussed and cited three experiences using the Media Bias Chart.
  3. Discussed and cited a computer science article found via the SmartNews App.
  4. Replied with more detail about the same topic and cited by hyperlinking the article title.

Design

  1. Presentation slide size displays in a 16:9 ratio.
  2. Presentation master cover has an orange background with white heading and purple subheading.
  3. Presentation master cover includes the transparent vertical OSU logo in the lower-left corner.
  4. Presentation text slides use purple headings and gray text on a white background.
  5. Presentation text slides have narrow margins on all four sides.
  6. Presentation text slides use a consistant font size 18pt with no bullets (about 10 lines per slide).
  7. Presentation was submitted as a PDF file.
  8. Published/Shared presentation slides transition from the right.
  9. Word processing document section 4 includes a hyperlink to the published presentation file.

Writing

  1. Presentation cover slide includes the title and student/author name.
  2. Presentation slide 2 describes how search works.
  3. Presentation slide 3 describes how to use search phrases.
  4. Presentation slide 4 describes how online advertising works.
  5. Presentation slide 5 describes truth in advertising laws.
  6. Presentation slide 6 describes who profits from advertising.
  7. Presentation slide 7 describes how data mining works.
  8. Presentation slide 8 describes how artificial intelligence (AI) works.
  9. Presentation slide 9 describes problems with AI.
  10. Presentation slide 10 describes solutions provided by AI.
  11. Presentation slide 11 begins the formal, numbered bibliography.
  12. Presentation is free of plagiarism.
  13. Presentation is free of spelling and grammar errors.